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The 120-credit BSD in Architecture leads directly to the 2-year M.Arch, a NAAB accredited professional degree (required to become an architect) emphasizing design and research geared towards real and emerging challenges facing the built environment.
Architects shape the physical environment to give expression to the values and beliefs of a culture and its people. When a client explains to an architect his or her desires for a building, he or she is also describing his or her values and priorities. It is these beliefs, and those of the architect, that are communicated by architecture. Like most endeavors in the arts and humanities, architects are concerned with forms of expression and the content of a particular message. However, what separates architecture from most other forms of communication is its sheer size, the longevity of its statement and its mass appeal.
Simply, architects design buildings. Architects visualize a building but do not directly produce it. They visualize the future through models and drawings. These tools are used to communicate their ideas to others, especially to clients. The architect is the person who creatively envisions a product and then plans for the joining of materials and technique to produce the desired intention. An architect’s process extends from the broad conceptualization to the details of construction and fabrication.
In the United States, most state registration boards require a degree from an accredited professional degree program as a prerequisite for licensure. The National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB), which is the sole agency authorized to accredit U.S. professional degree programs in architecture, recognizes three types of degrees: the Bachelor of Architecture, the Master of Architecture, and the Doctor of Architecture. A program may be granted a 8-year, 6-year, 3-year, or 2-year term of accreditation, depending on the extent of its conformance with established educational standards.
Master's degree programs may consist of a preprofessional undergraduate degree and a professional graduate degree that, when earned sequentially, constitute an accredited professional education. However, the preprofessional degree is not, by itself, recognized as an accredited degree.
Here at UNL, the bachelor of science in design is a para-professional degree and a necessary component of the professional program which culminates with the master of architecture degree. The master of architecture degree is the first professional degree. The professional master of architecture degree is fully accredited by the National Architectural Accreditation Board (NAAB).
The studio allows students to specialize in the comprehensive exploration and conjectural thesis of a specific building type for the duration of a semester. Though multiple programs are addressed, the pursuit of genotypic ëprototypesí (as opposed to specific phenotypes) binds the collective aim of the studio. The first half of the studio focused on the production of a book which documented the normative variables and ëparametricí range of different building types. This particular project explored the parameters which form medium to large box stores. The specific design proposal was for an urban Target in Lincoln, NE. The economical and machine-like quality of mixed programs, repetitive structural bays, and minimal material systems come together in a simple yet elegant warehouse of space for retail, parking, and a robust service area. The project offers a prototype for the development of future half-blocks, with an active urban edge along three sides and a covered alley for service and parking access.